High blood pressure, also known as hypertension is a long-term medical condition which occurs due to elevated blood pressure in the arteries.

The condition is a major risk factor for serious diseases such as peripheral vascular disease, kidney disease, coronary artery disease, stroke and heart failure.

One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it. In fact, nearly one-third of people who have high blood pressure don’t know it.

The only way to know if your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups. This is especially important if you have a close relative who has high blood pressure.

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for, including:

1. Severe headache

2. Fatigue or confusion

3. Vision problems

4. Chest pain

5. Difficulty breathing

6. Irregular heartbeat

7. Blood in the urine

8. Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears

If you recognize any of these symptoms, we suggest visiting a doctor as soon as possible. High blood pressure is not a minor health problem and should be treated as soon as diagnosed.

Besides pressure-lowering drugs, experts recommend changing your diet in order to reduce blood pressure. The so-called DASH diet can help, as can other diets based on plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and low sodium intake.

To reduce your high blood pressure, you need to start consuming healthy foods, reduce your sodium intake and start exercising regularly as well. According to one study, only reducing the sodium intake can help, but it’s best to go with a healthy diet as well.

The DASH diet involves consumption of fish, nuts, grains, vegetables and fresh food in general. Junk and processed foods are strictly forbidden, as are full-fat dairy products.

Combine the diet with regular exercise and reduce your sodium intake and you will definitely regular your blood pressure. If you’re diagnosed with the condition, we suggest consulting your doctor who can tell you the best course of action for your case.