The excessive exposure to mold can be the cause of various serious health issues, as it is extremely harmful to humans.

A mold is a fungus that develops as multicellular filaments known as hyphae and reproduces by forming invisible tiny spores which are omnipresent in the biosphere and the dust in our homes and workplaces.

Molds usually grow in poorly-ventilated rooms, water-damaged buildings, and in bathrooms. They can attach to clothes, carpets, books, paper, furniture, shoes, and even pets.

The main threats are the mycotoxins molds produce, which are toxic chemicals that inhibit the particle clearance in the lungs, prevent protein synthesis, boost sensitivity to bacterial endotoxins, and damage the macrophage systems.

Mold illness is often misdiagnosed because many of the below symptoms are similar to those of other allergies. It is important to talk with your doctor, especially if symptoms persist. This is because complications from mold illness can lead to asthma, sinusitis, and inflammation of the lungs, among other issues.

1. Runny or stuffy nose

Both a runny and stuffy nose is another symptom. This is primarily due to the immune system creating mucus to defend against mold spores and stop them from coming into the body.

2. Sneezing

Mold can cause cold and allergy-like symptoms such as sneezing. This is because mold spores can irritate the nose and throat, causing you to sneeze.

3. Coughing

When you inhale mold spores, they irritate the lining of the throat. This causes coughing. Exposure to mold can also lead to such complications as pneumonia and bronchitis, which result in further coughing.

4. Itchy eyes, nose, and throat

Just like other allergens, such as pollen, mold triggers the body to release histamine. Histamine causes a wide range of reactions. Some of the most common are itchy eyes, nose, and throat.

5. Watery eyes

Histamines also causes the eyes to water. This is because histamines are chemicals in the immune system that work to flush the body of allergens and other toxins. In some cases, histamines trigger watering of the eyes to push allergens out of the body.

6. Dry, scaly skin

The allergic reaction to mold can lead to inflammation and irritation of the skin. This is because the body’s immune system is overreacting to the allergen. This is why exposure to mold can also cause hives.

7. Chest tightness

People who have suffered from exposure to mold often report feeling pain in their chest. Sometimes the pain is described as tightness, other times as pressure. It can feel severe or merely uncomfortable.

8. Wheezing

Wheezing is among the most common symptoms of mold exposure. This is because when you inhale microscopic mold spores, they irritate and inflame the lining of the throat, bronchial tubes, and lungs. This restricts airflow and causes wheezing.

9. Shortness of breath

A symptom related to wheezing is shortness of breath. With wheezing comes difficulty breathing. If you suffer from asthma, you should be wary that exposure to mold can cause not only shortness of breath, but also a full blown asthma attack.

10. Postnasal drip

This is yet another histamine reaction intended to remove toxins from the body. When your nose runs without end, the immune system creates mucus to defend against mold spores and stop them from coming into the body.