Pain that affects the legs during the night is called nocturnal leg cramps or night cramping in legs. This pain happens usually because of the lack of the activity during the day, and can even wake you up in the middle of the night since it can be so strong.

Although night cramping is more common in the calf area, it can also occur in the feet and thights. Pain duration can varie from a couple of seconds to several minutes.

What causes leg cramps at night:

Eventhough the real causes of nocturnal leg cramps are still in the shade of mystery, experts have defined several potential causes and risk factors that induce cramping such as:

Improper sitting posture

Sedentery lifestyle

Standing for long hours or working in rooms with concrete floors

Over-exertion of lower limb muscles

Dehydration

Alcoholism

Pregnancy

Statins, diuretics, beta agonists

Endocrine disorder, such as diabetes

Neuromuscular disorder

Structural disorder, such as flat feet

Parkinson’s disease

How to Stop Cramp:

Use these handy tricks that will give you some relief:

Gently massage the sore spot using circular motions

Get up and carefully walkd around for a while; in order to stimulate your blood flow, shake your leg

Relieve the discomfort with a tablespoon of yellow mustard

Prevent your leg muscles from contracting by loosening your blankets and sheets

Sit on the floor and stretch your legs; Flex your feet at the ankle area; Point your toes in the direction of your knees, and pull the feet for an optimal stretch.

Treatment and prevention of leg cramps:

Perform some stretching exercises before going to bed

Enjoy a hot, relaxing bath before you go to bed; it will free your muscles of the tightness

Support the affected area with a heating pad

Always wear a comfortable and ergonimic shoes; Keep your high heels in the closet for a while

Horse chestnut stimulates blood flow in the entire body, including the lower limbs

Increase your magnesium and potassium intake, because their deficiency is often associated with leg cramps.

Water exercises build strong leg muscles

Acupuncture works well and releases the tightness from the muscles

We really hope you find this article helpful and don’t forget to share it with your friends and family. Thank You.

Source:http://www.fhfn.org

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